花钱
发布时间:2018-10-20 18:08:48
 

 (In ancient Chinese coins, there are some coins that are used informally. Although they are cast into the shape of coins, they cannot function as money. This is to spend money, also known as "spending money." Because most of them have patterns and are for play, folks are called "spending money" and "playing money." The pattern above the money reflects the content of ancient folk customs, so some scholars call it "folk money." Officials and folks have spent money in the past generations, but most of them are private castings. The materials are generally gold, silver, copper, tin, ivory, especially copper. Spending money is mainly used for gifts, play, accessories, divination, evil spirits, etc. It has a wide variety and different shapes, and it is a wonderful flower in the treasure house of ancient China.)
     
      殷先生这枚花钱重11,1g大都是私钱又是迷信的产物,主要因其是非正规货币,过去的钱币学者很少研究,往往只在论著中一语带过而未作进一步的探讨,但实际上花钱流传很广、存在时间悠久。同时从花钱的种类、铸工等来看,大都美观精致,故花钱也应算是钱币中的一个重要类别,它对我们研究当时社会情况、风俗习惯和民间文化艺术等,有着极宝贵的参考价值。

在我国古代钱币中有一部分非正式行用的钱币,它们虽然铸造成钱币的形状,但却不能行使货币的职能,这就是花钱,亦称为"花钱"。因大多数有花纹图案、供赏玩,故民间俗称为"花钱"、"玩钱"。花钱上面的图案有反映古代民俗的内容,所以又有学者将之称作"民俗钱"。历代花钱官方与民间均有铸造,但大都是民间私铸。材料一般是金、银、铜、锡、象牙,其中尤以铜质居多。花钱主要用于馈赠、玩赏、配饰、卜卦、辟邪等,种类繁多,形制各异,是中国古代丰富多彩的货币宝库中的一朵奇葩。

<p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, " helvetica="" neue",="" "pingfang="" sc",="" "hiragino="" sans="" gb",="" "microsoft="" yahei="" ui",="" yahei",="" arial,="" sans-serif;="" font-size:="" 17px;="" letter-spacing:="" 0.544px;="" text-align:="" justify;="" text-indent:="" 0em;="" box-sizing:="" border-box="" !important;="" word-wrap:="" break-word="" !important;"=""> (In ancient Chinese coins, there are some coins that are used informally. Although they are cast into the shape of coins, they cannot function as money. This is to spend money, also known as "spending money." Because most of them have patterns and are for play, folks are called "spending money" and "playing money." The pattern above the money reflects the content of ancient folk customs, so some scholars call it "folk money." Officials and folks have spent money in the past generations, but most of them are private castings. The materials are generally gold, silver, copper, tin, ivory, especially copper. Spending money is mainly used for gifts, play, accessories, divination, evil spirits, etc. It has a wide variety and different shapes, and it is a wonderful flower in the treasure house of ancient China.)

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